Wrought iron is an iron alloy with a very low carbon content. Wrought iron is tough, malleable, ductile and easily welded. Historically, it was known as "commercially pure iron", however it no longer qualifies because current standards for commercially pure iron require a carbon content of less than 0.008 wt%.
Before the development of effective methods of steelmaking and the availability of large quantities of steel, wrought iron was the most common form of malleable iron. A modest amount of wrought iron was used as a raw material for manufacturing of steel, which was mainly to produce swords, cutlery and other blades. Demand for wrought iron reached its peak in the 1860s with the adaptation of ironclad warships and railways.
Wrought iron is no longer produced on a commercial scale due to expense and the ready availability of mild steel that looks the same and retains similar qualities while working.
The iron we work with is mostly mild steel that is reformed from recycled European and US stock in China! Sad but true, such is the state of world econimics!
We work the steel from cutting and forging to forming and finishing. All the forging is done by hand.
We work all of the wood that are used in our pieces. We work mostly with hardwoods such as English oak and beech, elm and sycamore and have the expertise and experience to work to a high enough standard to seamlessly make staircases and a variety of furniture.
We work much of the stone we use which varies from Italian marble to local limestone. The stone is used to dress staircases, as table tops, in display counters or in sculptural pieces. We also work with building stone if the project requires.
We do work glass in so far as simply cutting for mirrors or lights etc. Sculptural glass pieces have been done in collaboration with glass artists such as Emily Bellhouse and large sections of toughened glass are frequently bought for use in tables etc.
We do do our own upholstery on simple pieces like chairs etc. For more complicated work we outsource to more experienced people such as Celia Burroughes who did all the work with us on the boutique and shop fittings.